kidney stones
kidney stones

What are kidney stones?

A kidney stone is a tough, crystalline mineral substance within the kidney or urinary tract. The kidney stone is a common cause of blood in the urine (hematuria) and often severe pain occurs in the stomach, lateral, or zeros. Kidney stones are sometimes called calculus calculations The condition of kidney stones is called nepholithiasis. At any place in the urinary tract stones are called urolithiasis, and the term ureterolithiasis is used to refer to stones located in ureters.

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What causes kidney stones?

The kidneys regulate the levels of fluid, minerals, salts and other substances in the body. When there is a change in the balance of these compounds, there may be kidney stone. There are four types of kidney stones, each contains different substances. Uric acid and cysteine ​​are two compounds that can be involved in kidney stones. Known factors to increase the risk of kidney stones include the presence of dehydration, family history, genetics, and some medical conditions. Having the history of kidney stones increases the risk of condition by having one or more family members.

Kidney stone facts

  1. A kidney stone is a tough, crystalline mineral substance within the kidney or urinary tract.
  2. Kidney stones develop at some point in their life in one of 20 people.
  3. People with certain medical conditions, such as arthritis, and who take medicines or supplements, are at risk of kidney stones.
  4. Dehydration is a major risk factor for kidney stone formation.
  5. When there is an additional reduction in urine quantity and / or the formation of stones in the urine, then there is kidney stone.
  6. Diet and hereditary factors are also related to the formation of stone.
  7. Most kidney pathways pass through the bladder with bladder over time. Most kidney stone stones pass urine through urine on time.
  8. Treatment includes pain control medicines and, in some cases, medicines for the urine passage facility.

Who is at risk for kidney stones?

U.S. The rate of development of kidney stones is increasing. The reasons for this trend are unknown. The kidney stone dilation was 3.8% in the 1970s. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the number increased to 5.2%. Caucasian ethnicity and male penis are linked to kidney stones at high rates. In 40s, men develop kidney stones; Rise in age with age: There is a possibility of experiencing kidney stones in women’s 50’s. A person who suffers from kidney stones is likely to develop others.

Family history of kidney stones is also a risk factor for kidney stones development. Kidney stones are more common in Asian and Caucasians than Native American, African or African Americans.

The kidney stones of uric acid are more common in those who have high levels of uric acid level (hypiriciemia) in their blood.

What are symptoms of kidney stones?

Many kidney stones are painless unless they go from kidney to urine, urinary bladder and bladder. Depending on the size of the stone, the sound of the stone through the urine path can suddenly be severe pain. People who have kidney stone often find pain as painful as the lower part, stomach, and birds are often replaced by pain and cramps.People with kidney stones can see blood in urine. If there is infection, fever and chills, in case of these symptoms, seek immediate medical treatment.

Occasionally, due to kidney stones, difficulty in urination, pain in the penis, or difficulty in testicular pain can be symptoms.

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kidney stone

How are kidney stones diagnosed?

How to diagnose kidney stones? A helical CT scan is the most common test without contrast material to detect stones or obstructions within the urinary tract. Kidney stones are diagnosed except for stomachache and other possible causes of associated symptoms. The imaging test with X-rays, called KubView (Kidney, urethra, Bladder), or helical CT scan is often used to confirm the diagnosis of kidney stones.Although the risks of radiation associated with these tests are low, pregnant women and others may need to avoid low levels of radiation. In these cases, an ultrasound can be used to diagnose kidney stone.

In case of pregnant women or the risk of radiation should be avoided, an ultrasound examination can be done to help establish the diagnosis.

What is the treatment for kidney stones? How long does it take to pass a kidney stone?

Most people with kidney stones can pass themselves through drinking lots of fluids within 48 hours. Pain medicines can reduce the tension of small stones, more likely to pass without intervention. Other factors affecting the ability to cross the stone include pregnancy, prostate shape and size of the patient. The stones which are 9 mm or larger do not give themselves and require intervention. In 5 mm size stones, 20% die, whereas 80% of stones have a size of 4 mm in size without treatment.


Lithotrips is a process that uses shock waves to break the kidney stones into smaller pieces, which can be expelled more easily from the body. The device used for this process is called lithopritor. Kidney stones can also be removed from surgery. A characteristic nepholithomy is a process in which a kidney stone is extracted through a small incision in the skin. The ureter is elevated to the ureter through the bladder and bladder, a kidney stone can also be removed with a urethra.

Other treatment methods are not effective when surgical techniques have also been developed to remove kidney stones. This can be done through a small incision in the skin (percutaneous napholithotomy) or through an urethra and bladder via a device known as the urinal passed into urine.

kidney stone

How can kidney stones be prevented?

Instead of going through treatment, it should be best to avoid kidney stones in the first place. This can be particularly useful for drinking more water, because of low fluid intake and dehydration is the major risk factor for the formation of kidney stones.

On the basis of kidney stones and on the basis of a person’s medical history, changes in diet or medicines are sometimes advised to reduce the likelihood of further development of kidney stones. If someone has crossed a stone, it can be especially helpful in analyzing it in a laboratory to determine precise type of stone so specific prevention measures can be considered.

Those who have the tendency of making calcium oxalet kidney stones, they can be advised that the consumption of more food in the ozalyate, such as spinach, revelart, Swiss chard, beet, wheat seeds, and peanuts is limited. Apart from this, drinking lemon juice or lemonade can help prevent kidney stones.

 home remedies effective for kidney stones.

For some people who have many kidney stones, home care may be appropriate when a kidney stone passes, then drinking lots of fluid is important. In fact, this is the most important home care measure. Medicines can help to control the pain (as explained earlier) However, if it is the first time that symptoms of kidney stones appear in someone, then it is important to see is.

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