Influenza, or flu, is a respiratory disease due to a virus. The flu is highly contagious and usually spreads by the cough and sneezing of an infected person. Although unpleasant, flu is hardly life-threatening
You can catch the flu by touching the infected person, for example, shaking hands. Adults get infected 7 days before the symptoms of getting sick and after 7 days. This means that before you know that you are infected, you can spread the influenza virus. In this article,
we describe the symptoms of flu, how it is treated, how it differs from the cold, and the best ways to stop the flu.
FACT ON FLU OR INFLUENZA
Some important points about flu are more information and support information in the main article.
- Antibiotics can not be used for the treatment of flu
- Approximately 5-20 percent of Americans have developed flu
- Experts believe that the best way to stop the flu is vaccination every year.
- Flu vaccine is not suitable for some groups of people, such as chicken eggs are serious allergens.
Flu is confused with bad cold; Flu and cold symptoms include both flowing / blocking nose, sore throat and cough.
To help you tell them apart, below are some symptoms of flu that are different from a heavy cold:
- aching joints and limbs
- high temperature
- cold sweats and shivers
- feeling exhausted
There may also be gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea; It is more common in children than adults.
Generally, symptoms last for about 1 week, although the feeling of fatigue and sadness can continue for several weeks.
It is worth noting that not every person with flu will have all the symptoms; For example, it is possible to have flu without fever.
Early symptoms of flu
Often, fatigue is one of the earliest symptoms of flu and cold, fatigue is often more extreme. Other early symptoms include cough, sore throat, fever, body aches, chills, and gastrointestinal changes.
Treatments for flu
As the causes of virus causes flu, antibiotics can not help, unless the flu is due to any other illness due to bacteria. Antivirals, such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and Zanamweer (Relenza), can be determined in some circumstan
Pain relief can reduce some symptoms like headache and body pain.
Some painkillers, such as aspirin, should not be given to children under the age of 12
Individuals with flu should:
- Stay at home.
- Avoid contact with other people where possible.
- Warm and relax.
- Consume lots of fluid.
- Avoid alcohol.
- Stop smoking.
- Eat if possible.
This is a good idea for those who are alone to be flu for a relative, friend or neighbor, and make sure someone can investigate them.
Should people with flu tell their doctor?
A doctor should be informed only when:
- Person is weak or elderly
- Their temperature remains high after 4-5 days
- They become short of breath and/or develop chest pain
- The individual feels seriously ill
- Symptoms worsen
If worried, appointing a phone call with the doctor can be a better solution.
Flu risks and complications
In most cases, the flu is not serious – it is simply unpleasant for some people, however, there may be serious complications, it is likely to be very high in people with very young children, elderly and other chronic diseases, which is their immune system Can weaken can do.
Some people are more at risk of facing serious flu complications:
- Over 65 adults.
- Children or small children.
- Pregnant women.
- Person with heart or heart disease.
- Problems with chest, such as asthma or bronchitis.
- Kidney disease.
- People with diabetes.
- People taking steroids.
- People undergoing treatment for cancer.
- Which are chronic diseases that reduce the immune system.
Due to the condition of influenza, bacterial pneumonia, dehydration and chronic medical conditions, some complications may worsen, such as heart failure, asthma or diabetes. Children may have sinus problems and may have ear infections.
More than 200,000 people have been hospitalized with flu complications, and as a result of the flu, almost 36,000 people die.
It is estimated that, worldwide, as a result of the flu 250,000-500,000 die each year.
In industrialized countries, there is a majority of death among people over the age of 65.
Flu epidemic – In a country where many people are infected – they can live for several weeks. Health experts and government agencies around the world say that the best way to stop the catch of flu is vaccination every year.
There are two types of immunization, flu shot and nasal spray flu vaccine. Flu shots are usually administered with a needle in hand – it is approved for anyone over 6 months, including people with healthy people and those with chronic medical conditions.
The nose-spray flu vaccine is a vaccine that is survived, caused by weak flu viruses that do not cause the disease.
Seasonal flu shot
A flu vaccine will contain three influenza viruses:
- one B virus
- influenza (H3N2) virus
- influenza (H1N2) virus
As the virus optimizes and changes, which are included in those vaccines – what is included in it, is based on international monitoring and the calculation of scientists, about which virus type and tension will spread in a certain year.
Protection begins about 2 weeks after receiving the vaccination.
Vaccination of seasonal flu should start in September or as soon as the vaccine is in hand, and continue in the flu season, even further in January. The reason for this is that the time and duration of influenza season is not the same. Flu outbreak usually goes around January, but it may happen with the onset of October.
Seasonal flu shots are not suitable for some people
Some people should check with their doctor before vaccine vaccine, which includes:
- The person with severe allergic reactions to chicken eggs.
- Those who had a serious reaction to flu vaccination in the past days
- Individuals who have developed Guilin-bar syndrome within 6 weeks of receiving flu vaccine.
- Children under 6 months old.
- The person facing fever with a common critical illness should wait until he is all right before the immunization.