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Best & Worst Nutrition Foods For Diabetic Patient:
Basic knowledge of Diabetic Patient –
Today we”ll be talking about the symptoms of Diabetes
Can you even tell me that you are suffering from diabetes? It is one of those diseases which have one the most silent and quick symptoms, so if you are a careless fellow you may find about it pretty late. In this article, we”ll talk about the disease called diabetes, its causes and even about some of its prevention………………………………read more.
You need to know how to take care of your health every day to live healthy when you are having diabetes. Diabetes is a serious disease. You should learn to manage your sugar level.
If you have diabetes there are chances of many health problems such as:
- heart failure or other heart-related problems
- kidney failure or other kidney problems
- eye diseases or blindness
- teeth problems
- pain and numbness in your hands and feet
Learn how to maintain your blood pressure and cholesterol.
There are 2 types of cholesterol present in your blood:
Low-density lipoprotein or “bad” cholesterol. LDL decreases the flow of blood through your arteries and form plaque. This plaque build-up may lead to hardening of the arteries. It causes heart stroke and other heart problems.
High-density lipoprotein or “good” cholesterol. It helps to remove harmful bad cholesterol from the blood. HDL removes LDL and reduces the risk of heart failure and diseases. People with high level of HDL are at lower risk of heart diseases.
Regularly check your blood sugar. High levels of blood sugar are very harmful to your heart, kidneys, eyes, feet and blood pressure. When you keep yourself healthy and your diabetes helps you to feel good. Maintaining your blood sugar level will help you to:
- feel happy and relax
- heal better
- less tired and more strength
- more energy and power
- less thirsty
- fewer eye or skin infections
There are many ways to keep yourself fit and healthy. Learn to fight with your diabetes. Never be sad, tensed or angry when you are living with diabetes. Learn to reduce your stress as it can increase your blood sugar level. Start walking, take a deep breath, yoga, or meditation.
If you have diabetes then you know that food plays a vital role in controlling your blood sugar levels. It is very important to consume foods that help to prevent diabetes. Foods like sugar, grains, desserts, starchy vegetables, fruits and some dairy products are rich in sugar and raise your sugar levels.
1. Best Nutrition Foods For Diabetic Patient:
Green Vegetables are best for a diabetic patient:
Green vegetables like spinach and kale are rich in vitamins and minerals. These vegetables contain a good amount of nutrients and are low in calorie. Leafy vegetables will help you to control your sugar levels as they are very low in digestible carbs. Green vegetables are great suppliers of the antioxidants zeaxanthin and lutein which prevent your eyes from cataract. A new study says that the people who eat green vegetables regularly may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. The presence of antioxidants will help your skin to be free from several skin infections or disorders. Green vegetables are low in fat and carbohydrates. Avoid taking packet food and switch to fresh leafy vegetables. These vegetables push away the unwanted fat and also help in reducing body weight.
Eggs are also good for a diabetic patient:
Eggs play a vital role for the diabetic patient in keeping him healthy and fit. It helps you to keep full without affecting your sugar level. Eggs are full of proteins and nutrients. Proteins slow your digestion and also absorption of glucose. Eating eggs regularly will protect you from many heart diseases. Eggs also reduce inflammation and also help to improve your cholesterol and blood sugar rate. A boiled egg is a high protein snack which is very helpful for people having diabetes. An egg contains up to 7 grams of protein. They are also the great sources of potassium. Potassium helps to maintain sugar levels and cardiovascular health. Eggs also help to improve your nerve and muscle health.
Cinnamon can be very helpful for a diabetic patient:
Cinnamon is a spice which has many health benefits. It helps to fight against diabetes. Cinnamon helps to control blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity. It also helps in lowering cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The researchers have found that cinnamon reduces cholesterol by 18% and blood sugar by 24%. Cinnamon contains good amounts of antioxidants which is very helpful for your health. It does not contain vitamins or minerals. Antioxidants play a vital role in reducing the oxidative stress or damage to cells which can be caused by free radicals. It also helps in increasing the glucose transport into cells and imitate the effects of insulin.
Fishes are best for a diabetic patient:
Fish is one of the very important food to keep your body sound and healthy. They are rich in proteins and nutrients which keep you full. Eating fish regularly will protect your body from heart failure and other heart diseases. Fishes like salmon, mackerel, herring, and sardines contain omega-3 fatty acid DHA and EPA. Consumption of these fats will help to control your blood sugar and reduces the risk of heart diseases.
Turmeric, a good option for a diabetic patient:
Turmeric is a very popular spice with many health benefits. It contains curcumin may help to lower inflammation and also lowers your blood sugar level. Curcumin helps to reduce accumulation of liver fat. It also helps to suppress the activities of white blood cells that can cause inflammation. The availability of curcumin in turmeric helps to manage insulin function and prevent the risk of diabetes. It supports kidney and fights against cancer. It also reduces the risk of heart diseases. Turmeric helps to control cholesterol. It also protects your eyes and kidneys. It also improves digestion.
A diabetic patient must try Nuts:
Different nuts have different health benefits. Almond and pistachios are helpful in reducing cholesterol. Walnuts are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids help to raise the levels of “good” cholesterol. Cashews, walnuts, and pistachios help in reducing the risk of diabetes and heart diseases. Almonds, peanuts, and pistachios help to reduce “bad” cholesterol very effectively and increases the level of “good” cholesterol. Nuts are low in glycemic index. Foods with low glycemic index absorb the carbohydrate slowly.
Yogurt is best for a diabetic patient:
Low-fat yogurt is rich in proteins and carbohydrate. Eating yogurt on daily basis will help you to fight against diabetes. It prevents high sugar rate and many heart diseases. It contains a high amount of calcium which helps to reduce diabetes.
Low-fat yogurt is a great supplier of high quality of proteins and carbohydrate. Yogurt has a high content of allium which is helpful in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes. Per serving of yogurt contains up to 15 grams of carbohydrate or less which is ideal for diabetics. Avoid taking flavored yogurt it contains added sugar which may raise your blood sugar level.
Avocados are good option to add up to a diet of diabetic patient:
Avocados are great suppliers of calories and fats. Avocados help to reduce the risk of heart failure and many diseases related to the heart. The presence of monounsaturated fats helps to improve the heart health. Avocados contain less amount of carbohydrates and are not problematic for diabetes. The presence of monosaturated fatty acids helps to increase “good” HDL cholesterol. Avocados are good sources of fiber which may help to reduce weight and improves the insulin sensitivity. It has very less amount of carbohydrates that’s why they won’t have much effect on blood sugar level. A medium-sized avocado has 17 grams of carbohydrate while an apple has about 25 grams of carbohydrate and banana has 27 grams of carbohydrate. With so few carbohydrates avocados is the best choice for people with diabetes.
Broccoli is very helpful for a diabetic patient:
Broccoli has great health benefits. Broccoli is the great source of vitamin C and K. It is also rich in fiber, potassium and folic acid which helps to maintain sugar levels. Broccoli contains a chemical called sulforaphane which has an ability to decrease glucose levels.
Carrots are also good for a diabetic patient:
Eating carrot is a good choice if you are having diabetes. Carrots can be consumed regularly as a part of your meal. Carrots are rich in low GI foods such as carrot juice, help you to maintain your sugar levels. Foods with a low GI are consumed by the body slowly. The food is broken down into glucose and used by the body for a long time. This will help to maintain your blood sugar level an reduces the risk of heart diseases. Foods that are high in GI can cause blood sugar to spike quickly after meals. A GI over 60 is considered high. Avoid consuming sugar, sodas, white bread, cakes, potatoes, rice, syrups, and ice-cream. Carrots contain carotenoid and vitamin D which help to protect your eyes from damage. Just a half cup of carrots contains a good amount of fiber and carbs.
A diabetic patient must try Tea:
Tea is a healthy drink for people having diabetes. Some research has been shown that drinking tea in a certain amount has many health benefits for those who are living with diabetes. Tea helps to maintain your sugar and insulin levels. Tea reduces the problems of circulation, blood sugar levels, and energy levels.
There are many types of tea; green tea, black tea, white tea, herbal, rooibos and many more types of tea. Researchers believe that teas such as black tea, oolong tea, and green tea are good suppliers of polyphenols which may increase insulin activity. However, the addition of milk in tea reduces the insulin-sensitizing effects of tea. Tea helps in managing your sugar level along with cholesterol.
Beans are too good for a Diabetic patient:
Bean is a healthy food with many health benefits. Beans are rich in fiber and proteins. Beans can be considered as a high nutritional component to every meal. Beans are low in glycemic index and help to maintain sugar level. 1/3 cup of beans may have up to 75 grams calories and 15 grams of carbohydrate. The availability of nutritional content varies from bean to bean. It is found that people who are living with type 1 diabetes were able to reduce insulin up to 38% by eating beans.
Red Onions will also be very helpful for a Diabetic patient:
Red onions are very beneficial for people having diabetes. It helps in fighting against type 2 diabetes. It helps to prevent insulin resistance and blood pressure. Red onions also have a low glycemic index, which is essential for maintaining sugar levels. Red onions are rich in nutrients like allicin, chromium, and quercetin.
Allicin is a natural compound which helps to reduce the risk of heart failure and many other heart diseases. It helps in reducing diabetes-related cancer by preventing the construction of cancer cells in the body.
Chromium helps to manage the blood sugar level. It increases the production of insulin.
Quercetin also helps in reducing heart-related diseases. It is a powerful antioxidant with many health benefits.
2. Worst Nutrition Foods For Diabetic Patient:
Avoid foods rich in saturated fats, simple sugar, and carbs. Stick to green vegetables and healthy foods to maintain your blood sugar.
Here are some foods which are not good for diabetics:
Snack food: Snack foods are not good for health. They contain a high amount of carbs which are very harmful to health. They are made up of refined flour and contains fast digesting carbs that can raise your blood sugar level. Snack foods like saltine crackers, graham crackers, and pretzels contain a large number of carbs and very less amount of fiber.
Potatoes chips and fries:
Chips and fries are very tasty snacks. But these snacks are very harmful to health. Potatoes are high in carbs. Once they have fried in oil they may increase your blood sugar level. Fried foods produce the high amount of toxic compound which may increase the risk of heart diseases. French fries are like little carbohydrate sponges full of fats. They have a very bad impact on your sugar level as well as on your heart. French fries contain up to 25 grams of fats, more than 63 grams of carbohydrates and over 500 calories.
Sugary beverages are harmful to a diabetic patient:
Sugary beverages are the worst drinks for a diabetic patient. Some of the sugary beverages like sodas, fruit juice, sports drink, energy drinks, malt syrup, honey, corn syrup, sports drinks, glucose, raw sugar, maltose and sugar-sweetened waters. They are rich in carbs and fructose which cause diabetes. It is suggested that sugary beverages can increase the risk of heart failure and many heart diseases. They are high in sugar and calorie content and low in nutrients. Choose water when you are thirsty. And also you can take slices of cucumber or watermelon.
White Rice and Pasta:
One should avoid eating much rice to control your blood sugar. Rice is rich in carbohydrate which may increase your blood sugar level. The American Diabetes Association suggest a target of about 45-60 grams of carbohydrate per meal.
According to research white rice and pasta cause blood sugar spikes same as that of sugar. Eating pasta will increase your sugar level.
White Bread is also harmful to a diabetic patient:
White bread contains a large amount of added sugar. It is suggested by the American Diabetes Association that instead of white bread one should choose whole-grain bread. Whole-grain bread is rich in fiber which is best for people with diabetes. Eating white bread can cause blood sugar spikes and may cause diabetes complications. High blood sugar levels rise the risk of heart failure, stroke, and blindness.
Fruit juice has many health benefits but it is worst for the diabetic patient. Drinking fruit juice regularly will surely increase your blood sugar level. If you like to drink juice then you can switch to low-sodium vegetable juice. These vegetable juice are low in calories and carbohydrates than fruit juice. Many researchers have proved that consumption of sugary drinks increases the risk of diabetes. Also, two medical researchers writing in one of The Lancet journals argue that because of its high content of sugar fruit juice are as bad for our health as sugary beverages like sodas and carbonated drinks.
Grains too are harmful to a diabetic patient:
Grains are the rich sources of starches. Diabetic patient should avoid refined grains, as they affect blood sugar levels. Diabetics should avoid eating food items made up of white flour or enriched flour.
Some food items which are made up of enriched flour are:
- Cereals not made from whole grains
- white bread
- bagels and white flour tortillas
- cakes and pastries
- white rice and pasta
The above food items will increase your blood sugar levels. Instead of these foods start eating brown rice, barley, quinoa, millet, and amaranth.
Cakes and Pastries:
Baked foods like cakes and pastries are loaded with sugar, white flour, sodium, and preservatives. They contain a lot of sugar which affect your blood sugar level. Cakes and pastries are rich in carbohydrate. When you have diabetes you have to take care of your carbohydrate intake. Carbohydrate is responsible for increasing your blood sugar level.
Coffee is considered as very essential for health. It also helps in reducing the risk of diabetes. You should avoid taking flavored coffee drinks. Flavored coffee drinks are full of calories which leads to weight gain. They are also rich in carbs which raise your blood sugar level. If you have diabetes you should not take caffeinated coffee. Caffeine may increase your risk of diabetes.
If you want to maintain your sugar level avoid drinking flavored coffee and switch to plain coffee.
Yogurt is very beneficial for health. Yogurt is essential for people having diabetes.
However, flavored yogurt can affect your sugar level. 1 cup of flavored yogurt may contain up to 47 grams of sugar.
Avoid taking high sugar yogurts that may raise your blood sugar. Start taking whole milk yogurt that has no sugar and is good for appetite.
Also, avoid frozen yogurt that contains a large amount of sugar which may cause weight gain and raise your sugar level.
The sugar in the flavored yogurt increases the calorie intake by 100 calories for a 200 grams serving.
Dried fruits have many health benefits. Dried fruits contain a lot of vitamins, proteins, and nutrients which are very helpful for health purposes.
However, the dried fruits have a high concentration of nutrients. They are also high in sugar content.
1 cup of raisins may have up to 115 grams of carbs that may increase your blood sugar level. Dried fruits are high in carbs as compare to fresh fruits. Switch to fruits which are low in sugar. Fruits like fresh apples, avocados and berries are very beneficial for your health.
Chinese foods are very tasty and delicious foods. Chinese foods are like by all. But these foods are very harmful toa diabetic patient.
Some Asian chicken dishes are not good choices for diabetics. The deep fried chicken with rice contains a lot of carbs, calories, and fats, which raises your blood sugar level. The breaded chicken contains more than 400 calories and 43 grams of carbs.
Chinese food is healthy but when it is mixed with white or fried rice, sugary sauces, egg rolls and breaded chicken, it becomes unhealthy.
Fruit smoothies are very healthy for your health. The fruit smoothies contain very less content of fiber. Therefore, it is not the right choice for a diabetic patient. Smoothies are dense with carbs and sugar which increase your sugar levels. Some fruits like oranges, peaches, blueberries, raspberries including vegetables like leafy greens, spinach and kale are rich in fiber and very helpful for maintaining your sugar levels.
Avoid consuming fruit smoothies containing high sugar and simple carbohydrates that may cause dangerous spikes in blood sugar.
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